High blood pressure, or hypertension, is one of the most common medical conditions found in adults. High blood pressure becomes a medical conditions when the blood pressure level of an individual raises above a normal level. To begin, blood pressure is measured by two different numbers, the systolic and diastolic. Both numbers are given in reading with the systolic number over the diastolic number, e.g. 120/80. These numbers represent the mercury amount in the reading device. When the heart pumps blood, the amount of force and the frequency of force is measured through a column of mercury, so the blood pressure levels are measured in mm HG, or millimeters of mercury. The harder the heart beats, the higher these numbers climb. Here are what the two levels mean.
Systolic- This is when the heart contracts, pumping blood through the arteries. Naturally, this will always be the higher number.
Diastolic- This is when the heart rests from contractions. This number will always be lower, but still be present since blood is still flowing through the arteries. While most people think that blood pressure levels have to do with the pulse rate of the heart, it in fact does not. Blood pressure levels only have to do with the force the heart is putting behind the flow of blood. Here is the easy way to interpret blood pressure levels. If they are too high or low, medication and medical intervention will be required. Remember, the readings go systolic/diastolic. The two number are typically in the same range, but can fluctuate to a certain degree.
200/120 to 230/135- This is an extremely high blood pressure level, and the person will require immediate medical attention to prevent negative consequences, such as a heart attack or stroke.
165/110 to 195/115- Still entirely too high, and medication will be needed to help regulate and lower the blood pressure level. This is considered to be stage 2 hypertension.
140/90 to 160/100- Considered to be stage 1 hypertension, and most doctors or health care professional will prescribe medications to help regulate this level and keep the person from advancing to stage 2 hypertension.
105/70 to 135/85- This is the normal blood pressure level, and where most doctors will desire you to be. Those who are overly active and those who have other medical conditions may be considered at OK levels when outside of this range.
Normally no medication or medical treatment is required.
90/60 to 100/65- This is the normal at rest blood pressure level for most athletes and children. This is considered to be a normal range for these types of people.
50/35 to 85/55- The is considered to be a dangerously low level of blood pressure, which needs to be corrected by either medical intervention or medication to prevent negative consequences.
People will begin to exhibit fainting, among other severe symptoms. Blood pressure levels in a person will fluctuate throughout the day, with various peaks and valleys in their readings occurring normally. For a person who has an average schedule (where they are active during the day then sleep at night), the normal high count for the day normally occurs in the middle of the afternoon, while their lowest level happen at night. Doctors will take this into consideration before attempting to medically intervene on a patient, since their readings could only be due to hitting the peak for the day.